Conference analyses disputes in East Sea
Updated : Sunday, May 13, 2018 9:25 AM (GMT+0700)

Leadingscientists and researchers specializing in Asia-Pacific region, the Associationof Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and international law, discussed the EastSea disputes in the system of modern international relations in Asia-Pacificregion at a round-table in Moscow on May 11.

Pavel Gudev, an international law expert from the Russian Academy of Sciences addresses
the conference - Photo: VNA

They analysed recentdevelopments in the East Sea and discussed the prospects of settling the issuesat the event, held by the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academyof Sciences.

They affirmed that disputesin the East Sea are among the largest threats to the global stability andsecurity, as besides the states claiming sovereignty in the area, world powersalso have interest in the sea.

They showed their concernabout China’s recent militarization activities in the East Sea, especiallyBeijing’s deployment of a missile system in the disputed area, as well as thecompetition of influence of the US and China in the region.

Pavel Gudev, aninternational law expert from the Russian Academy of Sciences said that theruling of the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague affirmed the illegalnature of China’s claims of over 80 percent of water surface of the East Sea.Meanwhile, many meetings, forums, conferences in the world and the region suchas the G7 Summit and the ASEAN-EU Summit, also mentioned concerns about China’smoves in the region, especially Beijing’s construction of artificial islandsand militarization in the East Sea.

He highlighted that China ismaking full use of its political, diplomatic and economic influences toconvince other countries not to support the court’s judgment.

The expert also stressedthat China should not interfere into economic activities of its neighbouringcountries in disputed areas, especially not bothering Philippine and Vietnamesefishermen’s fishing activities in their traditional fishing ground.

Meanwhile, Prof. EkaterinnaKoldunov of the Russia Academy of Diplomacy said that the most important factorto ease tension in the relations between China and its neighbouring countriesis the building and signing of an agreement on a Code of Conduct in the EastSea (COC).

She noted that despitedifficulties facing the reaching of the COC, certain progress has seen in theprocess through the ASEAN-China Senior Officials’ Meeting in May 2017 and theASEAN-China Foreign Ministerial Meeting in August 2017.

Participants agreed that allparties involved should deal with disputes in the East Sea through peacefulnegotiation, not to threaten to use force, and act in line with internationallaw and the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982. China and ASEAN shouldpromptly negotiate and sign the legally-binding COC based on international law,they said.

They also proposed thatRussia should show more active engagement in settling disputes in the East Seaas an intermediary.


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